ESP8266 weather display

DSC_1987

This is my first attempt to receive data with an Arduino and the ESP8266 WiFi-Module. This program is based on the example by Seedstudio, and displays weather data on a small TFT display.

The Modul

esp8266_pinout_h

I bought this module at Electrodragon. This Version has two LEDs, one for Power and another one which is connected to the TX-Pin. It runs at 3.3 Volt and the serial port is set to a data rate of 115200 baud. The CH_PD-Pin has to be high. After a reset, the module sends the following data:

[code]
AT+RST
OK

ets Jan 8 2013,rst cause:4, boot mode:(3,6)

wdt reset
load 0x40100000, len 24236, room 16
tail 12
chksum 0xb7
ho 0 tail 12 room 4
load 0x3ffe8000, len 3008, room 12
tail 4
chksum 0x2c
load 0x3ffe8bc0, len 4816, room 4
tail 12
chksum 0x46
csum 0x46

ready
[/code]

Wiring

The wiring is quite simple. The wifi-module needs just two wires for power and two for the serial interface. As a display i used a 1.8″ (45.72 mm) TFT-display that is connected via SPI.

 

 

weather-display

 

Arduino ESP8266 Module Display Module
3.3V VCC & CH_PD
5V VCC
GND GND GND & BKL
0 (RX) TX
1 (TX) RX
8 RESET
9 RS
10 LCD CS
11 MOSI
13 SLCK

 

The Program

I changed the source code from Seedstudio a little bit, because at 115200 baud the 64 Byte uart-buffer from the Arduino fills up very fast. But overall the program is really simple.

[code language=”java”]
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
#include <JsonParser.h>

#define cs 10 // Pins for the display
#define dc 9
#define rst 8

#include <Adafruit_GFX.h> // Core graphics library
#include <Adafruit_ST7735.h> // Hardware-specific library
#include <SPI.h>

Adafruit_ST7735 tft = Adafruit_ST7735(cs, dc, rst);

using namespace ArduinoJson::Parser;

#define SSID "<ssid>" // insert your SSID
#define PASS "<password>" // insert your password
#define LOCATIONID "2925533" // location id
#define DST_IP "188.226.224.148" //api.openweathermap.org
SoftwareSerial dbgSerial(2, 3); // RX, TX for debugging
JsonParser<32> parser;

void setup()
{
Serial.begin(115200);
Serial.setTimeout(5000);
dbgSerial.begin(9600); // for debuging
dbgSerial.println("Init");
tft.initR(INITR_BLACKTAB);
tft.setRotation(1);
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
tft.setCursor(2, 2);
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_WHITE);
Serial.println("AT+RST"); // restet and test if module is redy
delay(1000);
if(Serial.find("ready")) {
dbgSerial.println("WiFi – Module is ready");
tft.println("WiFi – Module is ready");
}else{
dbgSerial.println("Module dosn’t respond.");
tft.println("Module dosn’t respond.");
tft.println("Please reset.");
while(1);
}
delay(1000);
// try to connect to wifi
boolean connected=false;
for(int i=0;i<5;i++){
if(connectWiFi()){
connected = true;
tft.println("Connected to WiFi…");
break;
}
}
if (!connected){
tft.println("Coudn’t connect to WiFi.");
while(1);
}
delay(5000);
Serial.println("AT+CIPMUX=0"); // set to single connection mode
}
void loop()
{
String cmd = "AT+CIPSTART=\"TCP\",\"";
cmd += DST_IP;
cmd += "\",80";
Serial.println(cmd);
dbgSerial.println(cmd);
if(Serial.find("Error")) return;
cmd = "GET /data/2.5/weather?id=";
cmd += LOCATIONID;
cmd += " HTTP/1.0\r\nHost: api.openweathermap.org\r\n\r\n";
Serial.print("AT+CIPSEND=");
Serial.println(cmd.length());
if(Serial.find(">")){
dbgSerial.print(">");
}else{
Serial.println("AT+CIPCLOSE");
dbgSerial.println("connection timeout");
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
tft.setCursor(2, 2);
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_WHITE);
tft.println("connection timeout");
delay(1000);
return;
}
Serial.print(cmd);
unsigned int i = 0; //timeout counter
int n = 1; // char counter
char json[100]="{";
while (!Serial.find("\"main\":{")){} // find the part we are interested in.
while (i<60000) {
if(Serial.available()) {
char c = Serial.read();
json[n]=c;
if(c==’}’) break;
n++;
i=0;
}
i++;
}
dbgSerial.println(json);
JsonObject root = parser.parse(json);
double temp = root["temp"];
double pressure = root["pressure"];
double humidity = root["humidity"];
temp -= 273.15; // from kelvin to degree celsius
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
tft.setCursor(2, 25);
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_BLUE);
tft.setTextSize(2);
tft.print("Temp: ");
tft.print((int)temp);
tft.print(".");
tft.print((int)((temp-(int)temp)*10));
tft.println(" C");
tft.setCursor(2, 55);
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_GREEN);
tft.setTextSize(2);
tft.print("Press: ");
tft.print((int)pressure);
tft.setCursor(2, 85);
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_YELLOW);
tft.setTextSize(2);
tft.print("Humidity: ");
tft.print((int)humidity);
tft.println("%");
dbgSerial.println(temp);
dbgSerial.println(pressure);
dbgSerial.println(humidity);
dbgSerial.println("====");
delay(600000);
}

boolean connectWiFi()
{
Serial.println("AT+CWMODE=1");
String cmd="AT+CWJAP=\"";
cmd+=SSID;
cmd+="\",\"";
cmd+=PASS;
cmd+="\"";
dbgSerial.println(cmd);
Serial.println(cmd);
delay(2000);
if(Serial.find("OK")){
dbgSerial.println("OK, Connected to WiFi.");
return true;
}else{
dbgSerial.println("Can not connect to the WiFi.");
return false;
}
}
[/code]

Conclusion

The program is quite simple and could be extended with more features like a weather forecast. If you have any comments about the source code leave it down below. I hope i don’t have to many spelling mistakes in my first English post 🙂

Update: There was a bug in the code, which was found by Jody Roth. This is now fixed.

Source code

82 thoughts on “ESP8266 weather display

  1. Great hack! But, I’m actually just as curious about your power supply. Looks like you’re using a standard cell phone charger, but curious how you’ve got it wired. From the picture it looks like you’ve wired into what would be both the power input and the output ports (at least, the one I have is like that).

      1. Yeah, pretty much the one I’ve got. Now that I’m looking at the picture closer, it looks like you’ve only got one cable, it’s just looped. At quick glance, it looked like you had two cables plugged into it.

      1. I once read a statement saying that putting a 5V signal into a 3.3V-only port can cause eventual failure of the port.

  2. Thanks for posting this project. You did a great job illustrating the connections, I received from ElectroDragon the ESP8266 version that doesn’t have the power LED, I think it’s loosely being called a Revision 1. I tried to replicate your project but it seems my board just doesn’t want to work the same way. It bugs out after connecting to the AP, unable to retrieve data from the open weather site.
    Anyway, keep up the great work!

      1. I have it running at 57600 baud, I think a lot of my initial problems were operator error. I Needed to manually reset power and wait long enough before starting the sketch. I don’t have a TFT so I had removed that portion of the code and inserted a software serial for debugging. I probably screwed something up. This time I went back to the original sketch from zybuluo and brought in the relevant weather code from this sketch and now I’m rolling down the right road.

        Bottom line: The version 1 works just fine.

        btw, Line 72 should have a += to concatenate the string properly.

        Thanks again for your great post!

    1. Unfortunately, i don’t have “Version 1”, so i don’t know what the differences in the firmware are. Maybe I’ll get one module to test the setup with.

    2. Entering the URL to the domain in a normal browser, I notice the page returns a 404. So either there’s a typo in the code, or the site has been changed since then. 😉

  3. These serial/internet modules seem to be quite popular these days…. any idea how this compares to the other ones like HI-LINK HLK-RM04 ? Or even the wired flavors, like microchip enc28j60?

    In the past people ported a tcp/ip stack to a processor and just used a chip for the physical layer. Is that approach been replaced by using a chip like with everything already on it? Especially for those IoT applications that don’t require lots of bandwidth?

      1. From the application above, it looks like the ESP8266 also has a tcp/ip stack on it.. do you think it’s possible to get the ESP8266 to just pass raw data to a external tcp/ip stack like uip?

        I had been looking at the wifi module from microchip.. it’s nice because you can use their closed source tcp/ip stack to make sure everything works and then transition to uip. But it’s much pricier than this!

        BTW, is the ESP8266 protocol very common? I recall seeing that “AT” on some other device.. can’t remember where though!

        1. As far as i know the ESP8266 runs a firmware which is stored on the external flash-chip. I also hope that soon some people come up with an open source firmware. This way you could send raw data, or even create your own tcp/ip stack. But i don’t think the current firmware supports sending raw data.

          I think this “AT-commands” are loosely based on the Hayes command set.

  4. The wifi component is 3.3v.

    clearly you’re getting the device power from the 3.3v line on the Arduino, but isn’t the signal line also 5v? Won’t that damage the component?

    1. What can i say. I just tried it and it didn’t fried the module. Some circuits work with a certain voltage, but can tolerate a higher voltage on their input ports. Having said that, i can’t guarantee that it will work for you or anybody else. 🙂

    1. Hey Thomas, thanks for the information regarding the maximum input voltage.
      I did not used Fritzing for the drawing, but if you want, you can download the drawing of the esp8266 as an svg-file.

  5. Very interesting. I was wondering about the JsonParser.h librarey as that seems to need a hoist of other libraries (Foundation.h, PointsofInterest.h etc) any idea where to get these? Or did I get the wrong JsonParser.h?

      1. Hi, I have tried using the supplied sketch but there appears to be something wrong around the ArduinoJson declaration. I believe I have correctly added the library “ArduinoJson above and it appears in the list of libraries but I get an error ‘ArduinoJson’ has not been declared and I can’t see a ‘JsonParser.h’ in the library though there is a .hpp
        Also, there seems to have been an update to some of the library files in the last few hours so I was wondering if anything critical had changed.
        Best regards,

        Nigel

        I could supply the full list of reported errors if this would help.

        Any help would be really appreciated as I am rather new to all this.

  6. Hello,
    This is a nice tutorial, it helped me get my ESP8266 up and running. On another note, what program do you use for the drawings you created? They look nice.
    Thanks,
    Marcus

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  9. I tried for a couple of days to get one of the ESP8266 working, problem turned out to be my level shift with just resistors didn’t work as expected… Was slow to connect direct as the datasheet seemed to indicate the device was not 5 volts tolerant….

    After finding your post I tried connecting directly (TX/RX) and voilà ….

    Nice one 😉

  10. hello everyone, can anybody do a simpler project with this? I just want to collect data using arduino Analog0 input with an LDR photoresistor. collect the data and simply post it on Thingspeak ?!?!
    .
    all the examples I find are very complicated and include libraries. I need my project to be much simpler. just read some data from the analog sensor and display the value on the cloud.
    .
    can anybody please help me with this? I have updated the firmware on my ESP8266 and I can connect to my house network using the CoolTerm software.
    .
    any help is highly appreciated !!!
    thank you,
    akin

  11. well maybe a newbie question but your drawing does not show pins 2,3 are connected to something so what exactly SoftwareSerial is doing with them ?

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  14. I have a problem connecting to my network, i sat up all things as it should be even SSID and PASS are correct, but it is always retuning “Can not connect to the WiFi.” Do you know why this is happening?

    Thank you for your efforts.

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  18. Can not get it work…

    Compilation says in line 26 :”using namespace ArduinoJson::Parser;”
    esp8266_weather:26: error: ‘ArduinoJson’ has not been declared
    esp8266_weather:26: error: ‘Parser’ is not a namespace-name
    esp8266_weather:26: error: expected namespace-name before ‘;’ token

    Can You please help me??

    Andreas

    IMac OS X 10.6.8 and Arduino 1.0.5

    1. You have to use Arduino 1.0.6 or later to work. That is because the ArduinoJson library (from bblanchon on github) has nested libraries. Arduino 1.0.5 doesn’t know about those.

  19. To those interested in battery power of zeflo’s project. Check out our Open Source Arduino Compatible, Li-Ion powered board which comes with the ESP8266 ready to use. You can plop the Adafruit SSD1306 OLED Display into it (as shown in one of the photos on the product page). It basically takes this project and squishes it into a smaller footprint.

    Zeflo, e-mail me and I’ll see if I can get one out to you to play with.

    http://ubld.it/products/wiot-board/

  20. Fantastic post . I was enlightened by the points . Does someone know where I could get ahold of a fillable DD 2813 form to type on ?

  21. Ich habe nun meine Module erhalten und gemäß Tutorial den Aufbau vorgenommen.
    Als Libraries habe ich installiert: ArduinoJson-master und ArduinoJsonParser-master .
    Die anderen waren schon installiert von anderen kleinen Projekten.

    Ich habe aber beim Kompilieren gleich eine Fehlermeldung in der Zeile:
    using namespace ArduinoJson::Parser;

    Fehlermeldung:
    Wetter_ESP:12: error: ‘ArduinoJson’ has not been declared
    Wetter_ESP:12: error: ‘Parser’ is not a namespace-name
    Wetter_ESP:12: error: expected namespace-name before ‘;’ token

    Hat jemand einen Tipp für mich Anfänger?

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